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昆山翻译公司怎样提高中英翻译的能力

   翻译能力是检查英语综合能力的重要一点,很多人有着较高的英语水平但是翻译能力一般般,那么怎样提高中英翻译的能力?下面昆山翻译公司给大家分享一下。

  Translation ability is an important point to check the comprehensive ability of English. Many people have a high level of English, but the translation ability is general. So how to improve the ability of Chinese-English translation? The following certificate translation company to share with you.

  1、学好并巩固语言基础知识,对于汉语和英语的语言特性有全面的掌握

  1. Learn and consolidate the basic knowledge of language, and have a comprehensive grasp of the linguistic characteristics of Chinese and English.

  在英语翻译的过程中,如果语言基础知识掌握得不扎实,一定会影响到翻译的重要性,因此,学生们一定要通过词汇、语法和阅读了解到英语这门外语的语言特点。

  In the process of English translation, if the basic knowledge of language is not well mastered, it will certainly affect the importance of translation. Therefore, students must understand the linguistic characteristics of English through vocabulary, grammar and reading.

  首先,在学习词汇的过程中,我们不仅要让学生学会它们的拼写和发音,还要让学生学会如何恰当地运用词汇和组织词汇,对于一些常见的习语和谚语的意思,文化内涵和感情色彩要有一定的认识。另外,对于一些高频率出现的词汇需要进一步了解它们的语言特性。

  First of all, in the process of learning vocabulary, we should not only let students learn their spelling and pronunciation, but also let them learn how to use vocabulary and organize vocabulary appropriately. We should have a certain understanding of the meaning, cultural connotation and erotic color of some common idioms and proverbs. In addition, the linguistic characteristics of some high-frequency words need to be further understood.

  其次,在语法的学习中,要熟悉和灵活运用英语的各种句型。我们要注意在不同的语言环境中,语法的不同使用也能表现出不同的文化习惯,这样,我们认真去钻研每个句子,才能提高我们的英语翻译能力。

  Secondly, in grammar learning, we should be familiar with and flexible in the use of English sentence patterns. We should pay attention to the different usage of grammar in different language environments, which can also show different cultural habits. In this way, we should study every sentence carefully, in order to improve our English translation ability.

  再次,英语阅读是贯穿整个英语学习的一个重要环节,也对英语翻译能力起着至关重要的作用。我们在阅读英语材料的时候,要注意题材的多样性,涉及各个领域的如文学作品、新闻纪实等方面的内容我们都应该认真学习,去品味其中所蕴含的文化背景知识。

  Thirdly, English reading is an important part of English learning and plays a vital role in English translation ability. When we read English materials, we should pay attention to the diversity of subjects. We should study carefully the contents in various fields, such as literary works, news documentaries and so on, to taste the cultural background knowledge contained in them.

  2、了解中西方文化之间的差异

  2. Understanding the Differences between Chinese and Western Cultures

  英语翻译讲白了就是汉语和英语相互转化的过程。但如何转化或如何转化得非常漂亮,这是很难的。在这一点上,中西方文化的差异起了重大的作用。因为文化风俗,价值观念和思维方式等方面的差异会造成人们对同一样事物有不同的理解或产生很大的歧义,那么就容易造成翻译上的误差。比如,中西方信封的写法:在中国,习惯的书写顺序是国名,省,市,县,街道,最后才是收信人姓名;但在西方国家的书写顺序恰好相反,所以在学习英语知识的同时一定要注意对英语文化知识的了解和掌握。同时在翻译时我们要注意分析每个句子的文化背景,这样才能达到最好的翻译效果。

  Speaking plainly in English translation is the process of mutual transformation between Chinese and English. But how to transform or how to transform very beautiful, this is very difficult. In this regard, the differences between Chinese and Western cultures play an important role. Because the differences in cultural customs, values and ways of thinking will cause people to have different understandings of the same thing or produce great ambiguities, which will easily lead to errors in translation. For example, the writing of Chinese and Western envelopes: in China, the usual writing order is the name of the addressee, provinces, cities, counties, streets, and finally the name of the addressee; but in Western countries, the writing order is just the opposite, so we must pay attention to the understanding and mastery of English cultural knowledge while learning English knowledge. At the same time, we should pay attention to the analysis of the cultural background of each sentence in order to achieve the best translation effect.

  3、加强实践,了解和掌握翻译技巧

  3. Strengthen Practice, Understand and Master Translation Skills

  翻译是一项创造性的语言活动,具有很强的实践性。任何英语翻译者,不管是初级的还是高级的,都要讲究科学性,初学者最好先找一些适合自己水平难度的且有汉语译文的材料进行翻译练习,翻译后和人家的译文进行对比,看看自己的理解是否准确,自己的表达是否符合各方的语言习惯。然后从中找出不足并加以改正,但是也要注意到自身的优点,要加以发扬,并善于创新。除了以上所说的,非常关键的一点就是一定要有反复训练以及长期的积累,我们才会获得经验的积累。因此,翻译者要通过大量的实践,掌握一定的翻译技巧,总结出适合自己的翻译思路,才能真正地提升英语翻译能力。

  Translation is a creative language activity with strong practicality. Any English translator, whether elementary or advanced, should pay attention to science. Beginners should first find some materials which are suitable for their level of difficulty and have Chinese translation for translation practice. After translation, they should compare with other people's translation to see whether their understanding is accurate and whether their expression conforms to the language habits of all parties. Then find out the shortcomings and correct them, but also pay attention to their own advantages, to carry forward, and be good at innovation. In addition to the above, the key point is that we must have repeated training and long-term accumulation before we can gain experience. Therefore, translators should master certain translation skills and summarize their own translation ideas through a lot of practice in order to truly improve their English translation ability.

  4、培养自信心

  4. Develop self-confidence

  培养自信心也是对于翻译教学的一种有益的补充。自信心对于任何人从事任何事情来说都是非常重要的一环,自信心是成功的必要条件,但是培养自信心之前我们要培养好耐心。每个人在人生的道路上都会碰到各种各样的困难和挫折,在这种时候,自信心的高低就非常重要了。比如,在翻译的时候我们通常会遇上个瓶颈,似乎脑子当机了,就是想不出很好的词汇去表达出我们想要表达的意思,此时我们千万不能给自己压力,而是需要有耐心慢慢思考和用强烈的自信心告诉自己我是可以想出来的,这样,在心理上不断地鼓励自己,相信自己,相信成功的几率是可以大幅度提高的。

  Cultivating self-confidence is also a useful supplement to translation teaching. Confidence is a very important link for anyone to do anything. Confidence is a necessary condition for success, but before we cultivate self-confidence, we should cultivate patience. Everyone will encounter all kinds of difficulties and setbacks on the road of life, at this time, the level of self-confidence is very important. For example, when we translate, we usually encounter a bottleneck. It seems that our brain is out of order. We just can't think of good words to express what we want to express. At this time, we must not put pressure on ourselves. Instead, we need to be patient and think slowly and tell ourselves with strong self-confidence that I can think of it. In this way, we should constantly encourage ourselves psychologically and believe in ourselves. I believe that the probability of success can be greatly increased.

  5、结论

  5. Conclusion

  无论是对于学生还是译员,翻译教学要重成果而不是单重考试成绩,要从长远来看而不是只重眼前,要从根本抓起,从学生本位做起,学好基础知识,掌握翻译的基本理论,培养自信心,经历反复训练以及长期的积累,要循序渐进,随着时间的推移,一定会大有提高的。

  Whether for students or translators, translation teaching should focus on results rather than single examination results. In the long run, it should not only focus on immediate results, but also start from the fundamental point of view. Starting from the student-centered point of view, we should learn the basic knowledge, master the basic theory of translation, cultivate self-confidence, experience repeated training and long-term accumulation. We should step by step, and with the passage of time, we will certainly improve greatly. High.


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